Tiffany lamps remain a must-have decorative object to enhance the style of living rooms or work desks. They offer the owners of the place a source of colorful light. In addition, the shapes of the object have everything to seduce. They have played an important role in American decorative art since 1900. Discover the history and manufacturing methods of Tiffany lamps.

Summary

Who was Thomas Edison?

Who was Louis Comfort Tiffany?

The Edison and Tiffany Meeting

The first stained glass lamp

The origin of the light bulb dates back to 1879. One of the first instigators of the light bulb was Joseph Swan. The American inventor Thomas Edison was then responsible for improving the work of English. Many types of light bulbs appeared in the 1900s. However, they lacked design despite their practicality. We would have to wait for Louis Comfort Tiffany to improve the architecture of the lamps. He also brought several innovative techniques to create the decorative object with colored stained glass windows.

Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison is an American inventor and businessman born in 1847. He is known for the invention of the incandescent bulb. However, Thomas Edison was also the creator of many technological equipment that marked centuries of history.

You should know, for example, that he was behind the creation of the tickers as well as the phonograph. He has also left his mark in the film industry and sound recording.

Indeed, he had worked alongside many inventors and directors such as Jules Carpentier or William Kennedy Laurie Dickson. He even helped create the phonograph with Thomas Edison.

Thomas Edison had been passionate about science books since he was 7 years old. He had even had his own chemistry lab at home in 1857 at the age of 10. In 1862, he was trained in the Morse alphabet by a stationmaster at Port Huron.

With this new skill, he was able to join Western Union Company as a telegraph assistant in Canada. After a few years, he began to gradually understand how telegraphy works. His first invention is even based on a telegraph device capable of simultaneously transmitting and receiving a message.

To finance his projects, the handyman had enlisted the help of many New Jersey businessmen and politicians. In 1874 he founded his own company called Menlo Park. In all, Thomas Alva Edison had patented nearly 1,000 inventions during his lifetime.

Louis Comfort Tiffany

Louis Comfort Tiffany

Louis Comfort Tiffany is both an American painter and glassmaker born in 1848. The craftsman began to take an interest in the glass trade in 1872. However, he only managed to join a glass company in 1875.

He worked in several glass industries for nearly 3 years. In 1879, Louis Comfort Tiffany founded his own company, named L. C. Tiffany - Associated Artists. However, the company in question was not specialized in glass manufacturing. Indeed, it was an agency specializing in interior decoration.

In 1885, he set up another company which this time was experienced in the manufacture of stained glass. To break with traditional glassmaking methods, he began a revolution at the origin of two techniques. These are the opalin and Favrile lenses. The latter consisted of making the stained glass windows by hand.

Changes have not only had an impact on manufacturing techniques. You can also observe on the lenses different layers of superimposed colors. The Favrile technique even used pieces of metal salts when the glasses were fused.

Louis Comfort Tiffany has several works to his credit. You can cite the stained glass windows of the church of the reincarnation on Long Island. For the record, it took the craftsman nearly 10 years to create the church's lighting. Louis Comfort Tiffany is also known for making vases, jewelry...

The meeting of Thomas Edison and Louis Comfort Tiffany

Thomas Edison and Louis Comfort Tiffany met at the Lyceum Theatre on Broadway in 1884. In fact, the two inventors were chosen to start decorating work with the theatre. Edison was in charge of designing the bulbs.

For his part, Louis Comfort Tiffany's job was to embellish the bulbs with his recognized talents in glassware. Then they collaborated again in the design of the chandeliers of 22nd Street.

After their meeting, Edison inspired Tiffany in the creation of stained glass lamps. In addition, he embarked on the design of lighting fixtures. The latter were composed of multicolored stained glass windows. The composition materials of the lamps are cut and polished stained glass. They are then assembled to form the design element.

The first Tiffany lamp

Tiffany lamp by Clara Driscoll

The Tiffany lamps history began for the first time in 1895. However, it was not Louis Comfort Tiffany who brought to light the famous lamps. Indeed, one of these employees named Clara Driscoll had in charge of it in her place.

The young designer had devoted nearly 20 years of her life to working for Tiffany in her company. She was considered one of the highest paid women of the time. Clara Driscoll invented lampshades with multitudes of shapes.

The decorative objects are hand-carved. For example, you can find lamps in the shape of a butterfly or a branch. The many stained glass windows are assembled thanks to the use of copper. Then, a lead weld is responsible for fixing the edges of the glasses.